cstanley's picture
Full Name: 
Colin Stanley
Academic Role: 
PhD Student
Email Address: 

Colin Stanley is a lecturer at Namibia University of Science & Technology (NUST). While employed at NUST he has been involved in several national projects in Namibia viz. the Bush Encroachment Decision Support System for farmers in Namibia, Namibian Corridor Economic Impact Database and part of the research team implementing the Namibia’s national database to host Indigenous Knowledge (IK).

On an international level, he has developed a Data Record System for the House of Solidarity (http://www.hds.bz.it), Italy.  Colin Stanley holds a B.Tech. Software Development Honours degree from NUST and has obtained his Masters' degree in Computer Science specialising in Software Engineering from the Free University of Bolzano, Italy. His masters’ thesis was about finding out successful characteristics of Free / Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS) projects. 

Research Project / Interests: 

Colin's Ph.D. topic is titled "Community-Based Co-Design of a Task Request Management app to Crowd-source 3D models."

This research entailed co-designing a tablet-based task request management application with the indigenous rural communities. The indigenous rural communities were OvaHimba community from Otjisa village and two OvaHerero communities from Erindi-Roukambe and Okomakuara village in Namibia.

The purpose of the task request management application is to allow rural indigenous communities to crowd-source photos of their traditional objects. They submit two-dimensional images (and possibly videos) to graphic designers on the Internet. These designers then model the images into three-dimensional objects. Rural communities then evaluate the completed three-dimensional models and once accepted, the models are imported into local indigenous knowledge community preservation tools. The overall objective of this is to preserve indigenous before its extinction.

The work showed results in the areas of community engagement, co-design tools, and values. Finding relations to connect with the community by speaking the local language of the community or having a contact person (intermediary) has proved to be crucial. Furthermore, long-term engagement with the communities can by achieved by regular communication.

An African in-situ community-based co-design before and after deploying indigenous management systems encompassing with Afrocentric and Ubuntu values are discussed.

A variety of co-design tools (technology probe, card sorting role play, affinity diagramming, no tools) have been used and thus their strength and weaknesses are shared.

  1. Stanley, C., Winschiers-Theophilus, Onwordi, M. (2013). “Rural communities crowdsource technology development: a Namibian expedition”. In: Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Information and Communications Technologies and Development: Notes-Volume 2. ACM, pp. 155–158. 
  2. Stanley, C., Winschiers-Theophilus, H., Blake, E., & Rodil, K. (2015). “Ovahimba Community in Namibia ventures into Crowdsourcing Design”. In: Proc. IFIP WG. Vol. 9, pp. 277–287.
  3. Stanley, C., Winschiers-Theophilus, H., Blake, E., Rodil, K., Koch Kapuire, G., Maasz, D., & Chamunorwa, M. (2016). “Formulating" the obvious" as a task request to the crowd: an interactive design experience across cultural and geographical boundaries”. In: PDC, pp. 86–87. 
  4. Koch Kapuire, G., Winschiers-Theophilus, H., Stanley, C., Maasz, D., Chamunorwa, M., Heide Mller, R., Rodil, K., Gonzalez-Cabrero, D. (2016). “Technologies to promote the inclusion of Indigenous knowledge holders in digital cultural heritage preservation”. In: International Conference on Culture & Computer Science.


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